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Education Center » When should you take Social Security?

When should you take Social Security?


If you’re approaching retirement, you may be thinking about Social Security. Here are some of the facts to consider as you decide when to start receiving your Social Security benefits.

Even for Americans who have invested diligently for retirement over the years, Social Security benefits matter. One of the first big decisions we’re faced with as we approach retirement is when to claim our benefits — and timing is important. While you can start as early as age 62, waiting a few years, or until you reach your full retirement age can substantially increase the amount you receive over your lifetime. (See “Find your full retirement age,” below.)

In this interview, Ben Storey, director of Retirement Thought Leadership at Bank of America, provides the latest thinking on what’s important to consider as you make your decision.

Merrill: Ben, we’re all living longer. Does that change how and when we claim Social Security benefits?

Ben Storey: Considering that one of the biggest retirement concerns people have is outliving their money, waiting to collect Social Security benefits begins to make a lot more sense than it might have in the past. Waiting to claim benefits can be a way of gaining a measure of protection against your risk of longevity.

As most people know, the longer you wait to begin taking benefits until age 70, the greater the monthly amount you receive. But that’s especially significant should you live a very long life.

Merrill: Talk a little more about that. How might postponing your payments work to your benefit?

Storey: Well, imagine that at age 66 you’re entitled to an annual Social Security benefit of $10,000. If you wait a year to claim it, you’ll forgo the $10,000 for the first year, but the following year, at age 67, you’ll receive an annual benefit of $10,800, or 8% more — an amount, by the way, that is adjusted for inflation, if any, each year for the rest of your life.

Merrill: Should women think of Social Security benefits differently?

Storey: Women typically live longer than men, and those extra years can make it especially important to find ways to boost income. Waiting longer to claim Social Security benefits is one strategy that can help do that. Take, for instance, a single woman who, instead of claiming benefits at 62, waits until 70 — the maximum age for boosting benefits — before claiming. For a person whose benefit would be $1,000 at full retirement age (age 66 and 10 months in this example), waiting those extra eight years could increase her monthly benefit by 77%, or about $545 each month.1

Merrill: How does being married affect the decision to claim benefits? What’s the rule of thumb for couples?

Storey: It often makes sense for the higher earner — let’s say it’s the wife — to wait until 66, or even 70, to claim benefits. Doing so increases her benefits throughout her lifetime and, should she die first, throughout the lifetime of her husband as well since his survivor benefit would step up to that of his deceased wife. If the earnings gap between the husband and wife is substantial, he might think about claiming his own reduced benefit at 62 to increase cash flow, if he has retired or has limited income from employment, and then request a spousal adjustment once his wife claims Social Security.

Merrill: And what are the rules for divorced couples?

Storey: If you don’t remarry and you are 62 years of age or older, you can file for spousal benefits whether or not your ex has filed as long as you have been divorced for at least two years and you were married to that spouse for at least 10 years. To qualify, your ex must be entitled to benefits and the benefit you would receive on your own work record must be less than what you’d receive based on your ex’s record. There’s a Social Security Administration web page that explains these requirements in more detail.

Merrill: Can you apply for a spousal benefit if your spouse hasn’t?

Storey: A married person can only apply for a spousal benefit if his or her spouse is receiving retirement or disability benefits. People can no longer file and then suspend their benefits, allowing them to grow, while their spouses collect on their record, as they could before May 2016. And if you were born after Jan. 1, 1954, you can no longer “claim twice” — or file for spousal benefits at full retirement age while allowing your own future retirement benefit to grow.

Merrill: What’s your best advice for couples?

Storey: I’d encourage anyone approaching retirement age to speak with a financial, tax and/or legal advisor. When and how to begin claiming your Social Security benefits are important — and complex — decisions. And it can help to talk with those who understand the rules, as well as your personal situation.

Merrill: Is waiting always the right answer?

Storey: Waiting longer can increase the amount you receive over your lifetime, but what’s right for you may be very different from what’s right for me. You’ve got to consider your health and your family history — how long do people in your family tend to live, for instance? If your parents and grandparents didn’t live past 75, it could make sense to claim your benefits as early as age 62.

Your other retirement assets should also be considered: Claiming your benefits earlier might allow you to delay drawing income from your portfolio and give it more time to grow. Also think about your goals and the kind of lifestyle you want in retirement as well as your immediate financial needs. A family caregiving situation could arise that requires your attention and financial support.

If, after you’ve considered all the factors, you feel that claiming your benefits before age 70 makes sense for you, you shouldn’t feel bad about not waiting. Social Security was conceived as a safety net. And it’s only valuable if you use it when you need it.

Find your full retirement age1

Use the guidelines below to see when you become eligible to claim full benefits.


If you were born between 1943 and 1954

You could claim full benefits at age 66

If you were born between 1955 and 1959

Your full retirement age increases by two months for each additional year

If you were born in 1960 or later

You can claim full benefits at age 67

Your eventual benefits will increase every year you delay claiming benefits past your full retirement age until you reach 70.

For more information, visit the Social Security Administration website.

Learn more and take action

  • Take advantage of the information found on the Social Security Administration website, as well as at regional offices throughout the country.
  • Watch this video on making choices about Social Security.


1 If you were born on January 1, use the year before your date of birth to determine your full retirement age.

This material should be regarded as educational information on Social Security considerations and is not intended to provide specific Social Security advice. If you have questions regarding your particular situation, please contact your legal or tax advisor.